Open Letter on Climate Change to the Government of Canada

La lettre ouverte en français.

See Science for Peace Press Release from December 17, 2009

See signatures to the open letter

To the Honourable Prime Minister and the Ministers of the Canadian Government:

To the leaders of the Opposition Parties:

The undersigned university faculty members call on the Prime Minister and the Ministers of the Canadian Government and on the leaders of the Opposition Parties to respond to the planetary emergency of climate change. As we will argue, greenhouse gas emissions must be drastically reduced, and soon. The time frame is critical, and it is dictated by the physical environment, not by political or economic considerations. To paraphrase Abraham Lincoln, you can’t fool the environment any of the time.

It is unacceptable and horrifying by the standards of public health and morality that many industrialized nations are doing the opposite of what is required, by actually increasing greenhouse gas emissions. The Canadian government is particularly culpable, as it has persistently obstructed cooperative global action and even continues to invest in the growth of a carbon-based economy. The Energy Information Administration of the U.S. government predicts that Canada will continue to have the highest per capita carbon emissions in 2030 at 19 metric tons per person, whereas by contrast the continent of Africa will remain at current levels of 1.0 metric tons per person. The physical environment does not know national boundaries: our emissions bring premature death and hardship worldwide, especially to the people who did not cause the problem.

There is so much at stake. Societies are already facing threats of unprecedented severity as climate change is occurring faster than predicted. More intense and longer droughts occur over larger areas, extreme weather events are more frequent and have caused hundreds of thousands of deaths, melting mountain glaciers threaten water systems vital to agriculture, sea level rise begins to inundate island nations and now causes increased salinity in the Nile Delta which is the breadbasket of Egypt, the Inuit people are losing their means of subsistence, extreme heat waves cause thousands of deaths, there is altered distribution of diseases, and higher temperatures have led to massive forest fires and to the costly pine beetle infestation in western Canadian forests. Climate change and other contributing human activities are now causing species extinction estimated to be about a thousand times the natural rate.

The danger is imminent of an irreversible alteration of climate. The tipping point that must be avoided at all costs is the melting of the polar ice-sheets and of the permafrost. Should this happen, the loss of global reflectivity and the release of additional greenhouse gases may send the temperature skyrocketing.

The last time the world was only 1 degree C warmer than pre-industrial levels for a sustained period of time, sea level was five meters higher than today. Such a rise would submerge coastal areas and would inundate low-lying fresh water systems. When the climate was last 2 degrees C to 3 degrees C warmer, sea levels were perhaps 25 m higher than today. Such a catastrophe is admittedly some decades in the future, but preventing it requires action now.

New data from paleoclimate studies, using ice and sediment cores, indicate how much atmospheric CO2 the world can live with. When it stood above 450 parts per million, the polar ice was gone. To be safe from the tipping point, the level must be kept below 350 ppm; this estimate by the eminent NASA scientist James Hansen (see especially James R. Hansen et al, 2008. Open Atmospheric Science Journal, vol 2, 217-231) is endorsed by the Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

At present the concentration is 390 ppm. That is, we have overshot the target. To save a world in which humanity can thrive, it is essential to rapidly reduce carbon fuel emissions to zero and then pass to negative emissions by reabsorbing CO2 from the atmosphere. This is believed to be feasible by using various means including reforestation and underground sequestration. The required changes in energy use and generation will need to persist far beyond our lifetimes, but that must not blind us to the need to begin these changes immediately. If we postpone these very significant reductions we may slide past the tipping point to profound and essentially permanent climate change which might doom human civilization and even humanity.

Canada can still step aside from the path of ecological collapse, but the time is short. It is known that energy from renewable sources – wind, water, and solar – can be enough for the world to have a modified but still comfortable way of life. What is uncomfortable is making the transition so suddenly. Rapidly reducing to zero carbon emissions will inevitably incur substantial short-term dislocations and human insecurity. The need is everyone’s, and all of us must share in meeting it. Jobs lost in energy and extractive industries must be replaced by jobs in conversion to a sustainable economy, and unemployment during the changeover be cushioned by government support. With good leadership, Canada has shown it can make such rapid changes – for example, at the outbreak of World War II. We call on you to provide such leadership now, while there is still time.

The big immediate task is to put in place a precise timetable taking Canada to zero fossil fuel emissions in the near future. This means setting a precise time-profile of maximum emissions, falling quickly to zero (Hansen et al propose, for example, a linear decrease with time, leading to zero by 2030). The chosen schedule of emission reduction needs to be absolute and not subject to trade-offs of any kind.

Various detailed studies have shown how to proceed on the path toward an eventual completely renewable energy society. The huge emissions associated with the military industry cannot be tolerated; transportation and housing arrangements will have to be reconfigured; agricultural practices will have to become less carbon-intensive. The tar sands project is inconsistent with the requirement of zero emissions: tar sands extraction is ruinous to the atmosphere, to the Athabasca water system, and to a large tract of boreal forest. Even in the short term it has not benefited Canadians or Albertans because of the very low royalty rates and large federal subsidies.

Fortunately there are many people in Canada, including academics, who have long studied these problems and who are eager to help the government find the best solutions to each problem. We call on the Canadian government to acknowledge the gravity of the current climate crisis, to safeguard the future of our children and grandchildren who are at great risk here in Canada and worldwide, by taking the appropriate actions without further delay.

Sincerely,

  1. Danny Harvey, Professor, Dept. of Geography, University of Toronto, Convening Lead Author and Contributing Author to various IPCC reports
  2. Helmut Burkhardt, Professor of Physics Emeritus, Ryerson University
  3. Chandler Davis, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto
  4. Derek Paul, Professor (Emeritus), Dept. of Physics, University of Toronto
  5. Ursula M. Franklin, C.C. FRSC, University Professor Emerita, University of Toronto, Massey College
  6. Dr. Edwin E. Daniel, Professor Emeritus, Adjunct Professor, University of Alberta – Now is the time to act on greenhouse gases!
  7. Peter H. Russell, Professor, University of Toronto
  8. Meyer Brownstone, Professor Emeritus, Political Economy, University of Toronto, Trent University
  9. Dr. Jim Harding, Retired-Adjunct Professor of Justice, University of Regina
  10. Colin L. Soskolne, Professor, University of Alberta, School of Public Health
  11. Pierre Jasmin, professeur titulaire, Université du Québec à Montréal, président des Artistes pour la Paix
  12. Sam Lanfranco, Professor Emeritus & Senior Scholar, York University
  13. Paul Arminjon, Professor, Université de Montréal
  14. Shahrzad Mojab, Professor, University of Toronto
  15. Michael D. Wallace, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia
  16. Dr. Joanna Santa Barbara, McMaster University (retired)
  17. Jon Thompson, Professor Emeritus, UNB
  18. Franklyn Griffiths, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto
  19. Margrit Eichler, Professor, University of Toronto (OISE/UT), FRSC and Fellow of the European Academy of Sciences
  20. Lisa Jeffrey, Professor, Mathematics Department, University of Toronto
  21. Dorothy Goldin Rosenberg, MES, PhD, Lecturer, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto
  22. Dr. Beth Savan, Professor, Director of the Centre for the Environment, University of Toronto
  23. Alex C. Michalos, Chancellor, University of Northern British Columbia
  24. Florin Diacu, Professor, University of Victoria
  25. John Warkentin, Professor Emeritus and Senior Scholar, York University
  26. Nancy Holmes, Professor, University of British Columbia Okanagan
  27. Shaun Lovejoy, Professor, McGill
  28. Paul Olson, Professor, University of Toronto
  29. André Gombay, Emeritus Professor, University of Toronto
  30. Natalie Zemon Davis, Adjunct Professor of History, University of Toronto
  31. Jan D. Huizinga, Professor, McMaster University
  32. Dr. D.W. Livingstone, Canada Research Chair of Lifelong Learning and Work, Univeristy of Toronto
  33. Dr. Laura Westra, Professor Emerita, University of Windsor
  34. Bernd Baldus, Professor, University of Toronto
  35. Marion Blute, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto at Mississauga
  36. George B. Spiegelman, Professor, University of British Columbia
  37. Roger I Simon, Professor, University of Toronto
  38. Paul Montpetit Gauthier, Adjunct Professor, Univeristé de Montéal
  39. Dr. Edmund O’Sullivan, Professor, University of Toronto
  40. Jack Quarter, Professor, University of Toronto
  41. Peter Flood, Professor emeritus, University of Saskatchewan
  42. Lorne Tepperman, Professor, University of Toronto
  43. Dr. David V. J. Bell, Professor Emeritus, former Dean, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University
  44. Roy D. Savia, Professor, School of Advancement, Centennial College
  45. Christopher Hrynkow, Distance Education Instructor, University of Manitoba
  46. Roxana Ng, Professor, University of Toronto
  47. Deborah Harrison, Professor (ret’d) and Adjunct Professor, University of New Brunswick, Sociology
  48. John Miller, Professor, University of Toronto
  49. Stephanie Westlund, PhD Candidate, University of Manitoba
  50. Marjorie Griffin Cohen, Professor, Simon Fraser University
  51. Richard Lebrun, Professor Emeritus, University of Manitoba
  52. Sarah Power, Student, Adult Education and Community Development, University of Toronto, OISE
  53. Jim Prentice, Professor Emeritus of Physics, University of Toronto
  54. Patrick Howard, Associate Professor, Cape Breton University
  55. Weiguo Zhang, Associate Professor, University of Toronto at Mississauga
  56. Alison Prentice, Adjunct Professor, University of Victoria
  57. Wariri Muhungi, Student, OISE, University of Toronto
  58. Jean-Paul Restoule, Assistant Professor, University of Toronto (OISE/UT)
  59. Daniel Schugurensky, Associate Professor, University of Toronto, OISE
  60. Nancy Jackson, Associate Professor, University of Toronto
  61. Catherine Stewart, Assistant Professor, Wilfrid Laurier University
  62. Diana L. Gustafson, Associate Professor, Memorial University
  63. Joseph M. Bryant, Professor, University of Toronto
  64. Dieter Misgeld, Professor emeritus, University of Toronto
  65. Wendy Loudon, M. Ed., University of Toronto
  66. Frangess Kohi, Student, OISE, University of Toronto
  67. Paul Antze, Associate Professor, Social Science, York University
  68. Barbara Godard, Professor Emerita and Senior Scholar, York University
  69. Ellen Judd, Professor, University of Manitoba
  70. Hilda Swirsky, Registered Nurse, OISE Alumni, Environmental Activist
  71. Dr. Darlene Clover, University of Victoria
  72. Dr. Jennifer Dyer, Memorial University of Newfoundland
  73. Lisa Wood, Associate Professor, Laurier Brantford
  74. Dr. Yanqing Yi, Assistant Professor, Memorial University of Newfoundland
  75. Dr. Jill Allison, Lecturer, Memorial University of Newfoundland
  76. Dr. David Maxwell, Dalhousie University, Faculty of Medicine
  77. Paul J. Eisenbarth, Asst. Clinical Professor (Emeritus), McMaster University
  78. Louise Gagne, M.D., University of Saskatchewan
  79. Reade Davis, Assistant Professor, Memorial University of Newfoundland
  80. Eva Kushner, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto
  81. Patricia Betts, Assistant Professor, Cae Breton University
  82. Dr. Donald Betts, FRSC, Professor Emeritus, Dalhousie University
  83. Graham Reynolds, Professor of History, Cape Breton University
  84. James Valcour, Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, Memorial University of Newfoundland
  85. Craig Hanyan, Professor Emeritus, Brock University
  86. Karen Mundy, Associate Professor, University of Toronto
  87. Robin Whitaker, Associate Professor (Anthropology), Memorial University of Newfoundland
  88. Dr. Mark Hudson, Assistant Professor, University of Manitoba
  89. Claudia Malacrida, Associate Professor, University of Lethbridge
  90. Meg Luxton, Professor, York University
  91. Holly Platz, M.Ed Candidate, University of Toronto, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education
  92. Heather Green, Manager, BSW/MSW Programs, FNTI
  93. Al-Nasir Peera, Student – MEd Program, University of Toronto
  94. Dr. Tara Goldstein, Professor, University of Toronto
  95. Gayle MacDonald, Professor, Sociology and AVP Research, St. Thomas University
  96. Catherine Donovan, Associate Professor, Public Health, Memorial University
  97. Roberta Edgecombe Robb, Professor Emeritus, Brock University
  98. Olga Netchaeva, M.Ed. Candidate, University of Toronto
  99. Jason Laurendeau, Assistant Professor (Sociology), University of Lethbridge
  100. Sally A. Ludwig, Sessional Instructor, University of Gueph, Couple & Family Therapy Program
  101. Arun Mukherjee, Professor, York University
  102. Graham M. Simpson, Professor Emeritus, Saskatchewan
  103. Nicole Chapman, M.Ed., University of Victoria
  104. Alison Burkett, Graduate Student and Teacher, University of Toronto
  105. Dr. Sharon Dale Stone, Professor, Lakehead University, Department of Sociology
  106. Faiz Ahmed, Graduate Student, University of New Brunswick
  107. Daryl King, Student Mentor, FNTI/Ryerson University
  108. Eimear O’Neill, PhD affiliate, Transformative Learning Centre, OISE, University of Toronto, International Indigenous Education Network
  109. Ganesh Harilal, Professor, Political Science, Vanier College
  110. Dr. Christopher John Doran, Professor, University of New Brunswick
  111. Roanne Thomas-MacLean, Associate Professor, University of Saskatchewan
  112. Aysan Sev’er, Professor, University of Toronto, Scarborough
  113. Dr. Stan R. Blecher, University of Guelph
  114. Agi Lukacs, Senior Lecturer, University of Toronto
  115. Stephanie Bruce, Ph.D. candidate, Sociology, University of New Brunswick
  116. Shannon Butcher, Youth Justice Worker, First Nations Technical Institute
  117. Fiona Hanley, Professor of Nursing, Dawson College
  118. Abby Lippman, Professor, McGill University
  119. Rachel Welham, University of Toronto
  120. Chris Kaposy, Assistant Professor of Health Ethics, Memorial University
  121. Christiane Rousseau, Full Professor, Université de Montréal, Mathematics
  122. Pierre Biron, Honorary Professor, Université de Montréal, Faculty of Medicine
  123. Iva Kinclova,OISE, University of Toronto
  124. Jennie Hornosty, Professor, Sociology University of New Brunswick, Fredericton
  125. Ann McGoey, Nurse Practitioner, Lakehead University
  126. Erika Simpson, Associate Professor, University of Western Ontario
  127. Charlene Mayes, Senior Teaching Associate, University of New Brunswick
  128. Tim Quigley, Professor of Law, University of Saskatchewan
  129. Gary Warrick, Associate Professor, Wilfrid Laurier University, Brantford
  130. Youngblood Henderson, Research Director, University of Saskatchewan
  131. Sergei Plekhanov, Associate Professor, York University
  132. Felix Hoehn, Assistant Professor, Law, University of Saskatchewan
  133. Glenis Joyce, Extension specialist, University of Saskatchewan
  134. Lucinda Vandervort, Professor, University of Saskatchewan, College of Law
  135. Brent Cuthbertson, Associate Professor and Director, Lakehead University, Ontario
  136. Glen Luther, Associate Professor, University of Saskatchewan
  137. Markus Gehring, Vice-Dean Research University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law, Civil Law Section
  138. Mary Pat MacDonald, MA, Student, Liaison, University of Winnipeg, Faculty of Theology
  139. Roy J. Adams Sallows, Chair of Human Rights, University of Saskatchewan
  140. Robin Hansen, Professor, University of Saskatchewan
  141. Ariane Burke, Professor, Université de Montreal
  142. Heather Heavin, Assistant Professor, University of Saskatchewan
  143. Dr. Sandra Hoenle, University of Calgary
  144. Michelle Drapeau, Associate Professor, Université de Montréal
  145. Rakhi Ruparelia, Assistant Professor, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law
  146. Martha Jackman, Professor, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law
  147. Norman Zlotkin, Associate Dean, Academic University of Saskatchewan, College of Law
  148. Shelley AM Gavigan, Professor, Osgoode Hall Law School, York University
  149. Faisal Moola, PhD, Adjunct Faculty, Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto
  150. Rick Schmidt, Instructor, University of Winnipeg, Conflict Resolution Studies
  151. Carly Adams, Assistant Professor, University of Lethbridge
  152. Briony Penn, Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Victoria
  153. Theriault, Assistant Professor, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law
  154. Susan Boyd, Professor, UBC
  155. Stuart Houston, OC, SOM, MD, Professor Emeritus, University of Saskatchewan
  156. Louis Lefeber, Professor (emeritus), York University
  157. Elaine Newman, Professor Emeritus, Concordia University
  158. Dr. William R. Adamson, Professor of Pastoral Theology (Retired), University of Saskatchewan
  159. James Deutsch, Assistant Professor, Psychiatry, University of Toronto
  160. Deborah van Wyck Professor of Nursing, Dawson College
  161. Robert Korol, Professor Emeritus, McMaster, Civil Engineering
  162. Bruce E. Dunn, Professor Emeritus, University of Calgary
  163. Ralph C. Martin, Professor, Nova Scotia Agricultural College
  164. Nonita T. Yap, Professor, University of Guelph
  165. Jean Turner, Associate Professor Emerita, University of Guelph
  166. Alan Slavin, Professor, Physics & Astronomy, Trent University
  167. Doug Surtees, Assistant Professor, University of Saskatchewan
  168. Tom Whillans, Associate Professor, Trent University
  169. Robert M. Pike, Professor Emeritus, Queen’s University
  170. Elaine Gibson, Associate Professor, Law, Dalhousie University
  171. Susan Wurtele, Associate Professor, Trent University
  172. Luis Sobrino, Professor Emeritus of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia
  173. Lee Lorch, Professor Emeritus & Senior Scholar, York University, Mathematics & Statistics
  174. Helmar Drost, Professor Emeritus in Economics, York University
  175. John A. Boan, Professor Emeritus, University of Regina
  176. Trudy Bruyns, Clinical Nurse Specialist, Assistant Professor, University of Western Ontario, on leave
  177. Bill Atkinson, Professor of Physics, Trent University
  178. Annie Rochette, Professor, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences juridiques
  179. William C. Mahaney, Professor Emeritus, York University & Quaternary Surveys
  180. Adrian L. Burke, Professor, Université de Montréal
  181. David Lyon, Professor, Queen’s University
  182. Michael Bradfield, Professor, Economics (retired), Dalhousie University
  183. Stanley Jeffers, Associate Professor Emeritus, York University
  184. Richard Collier, Professor Emeritus, Mount Royal
  185. Ben-Z. Shek, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto
  186. Colleen Shantz, Assistant Professor, University of St. Michael’s College, Toronto
  187. John Kirk, Professor, Dalhousie University
  188. Phyllis Creighton, Adjunct Faculty, Faculty of Divinity, University of Trinity College
  189. Colleen O’Manique, Chair, Women’s Studies, Trent University
  190. Richard Julien, Professor, University of Saskatchewan
  191. Cathy Holtmann, St. Thomas University
  192. Kenneth Flegel, Professor of Medicine, McGill University
  193. June Larkin, Senior Lecturer, University of Toronto
  194. Celeste Johnston, Professor, McGill University, School of Nursing
  195. Dr. Gerhard Stroink, Professor Emeritus, Dalhousie University
  196. Robert Regnier, Professor, University of Saskatchewan
  197. Colin Stuttard, Professor (Retired), Dalhousie University
  198. Sheelah McLean, Seconded Professor, University of Saskatchewan
  199. Yvonne Cuttle, Associate Prof. (Retired), University of Saskatchewan
  200. Gordon McBean, Professor, University of Western Ontario, CM, FRSC
  201. Nico Koenig, University of Toronto
  202. JoAnn Jaffe, Professor, University of Regina
  203. Jean L Freed, Lecturer, Concordia University
  204. Shelley Cooper-Stephenson, RN, BSN, M.C.Ed, University of Saskatchewan
  205. Aline Deckers, Part-time faculty, Department of Education, Concordia University
  206. Dr. Irene Novaczek, UPEI
  207. Cate Ahrens, Student, University of Toronto
  208. Cathy Vakil, Assistant Professor, Queen’s University
  209. Jessica Senehi, Assistant Professor, University of Manitoba
  210. Ruth Hayhoe, Professor, University of Toronto, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education
  211. Tracy Swan, Assistant Professor, Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador
  212. Peter Camfield, MD, FRCP, Professor, Department Pediatrics Dalhousie University
  213. Radoslav S. Dimitrov, Associate Professor, University of Western Ontario
  214. Larry Schmidt, Dr., University of Toronto
  215. Stephen Hill, Assistant Professor, Trent University
  216. Dr. Rachel Engler-Stringer, University of Saskatchewan
  217. Jane Griffiths, Physician/ Assistant Professor, Queen’s University
  218. Liisa L. North, Professor Emerita, York University
  219. Janet McVittie, Assistant Professor, Science Education, University of Saskatchewan
  220. Elvi Whittaker, Professor Emerita, UBC
  221. Steffanie Scott, Associate Professor, University of Waterloo
  222. Emma Cunliffe Assistant Professor, University of British Columbia
  223. Robert, Sessional Lecturer, University of Saskatchewan
  224. Geoffrey Hodgetts, Professor, Queen’s University
  225. Susan Phillips, Professor, Queen’s University
  226. Tracey Fallak, Course Leader – Instructor, Red River College
  227. Dr. Geraldine Balzer, University of Saskatchewan
  228. Dr. Michael J Sylvester, Queen’s University
  229. Eric Mykhalovskiy, Associate Professor, York University
  230. Karen Schultz, MD, Associate Professor, Queen’s University
  231. Carl Boyd, Professor, Dalhousie University
  232. Maria Jimenes, Assistant Professor, Spanish, Dalhousie University
  233. Norman Epstein, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia
  234. Patricia Palulis, Assistant Professor, University of Ottawa
  235. Dr. Audrey Giles, Assoc. Professor, University of Ottawa
  236. Linda Radford, Part-time professor, Faculty of Education, University of Ottawa
  237. Margaret Critchlow, Professor, York University
  238. Paul Parker, Professor, University of Waterloo
  239. Andrew P. Lyons, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario
  240. Will C. van den Hoonaard, Professor Emeritus, University of New Brunswick
  241. Pat O’Riley, Associate Professor, York University
  242. Dr. Shelley Butler, McGill
  243. Marlene R. Atleo, Assistant Professor, Manitoba Education
  244. Dr., Rupa Patel, Queen’s University
  245. Phillip Vannini, Associate Professor, Royal Roads University
  246. Dot Bonnenfant, CHNET-Works! Animateur, University of Ottawa
  247. Patricia Watt, Graduate Student, University of Ottawa
  248. Dr. Steven E. Noble, Faculty Member, University of Ottawa
  249. Peter Cole, Associate Professor, University College of the North
  250. Dr. Jason Price, Assistant Professor, University of Victoria
  251. Dr. Josette Déléas, Mount Saint Vincent University
  252. Dr. Randolph Haluza-DeLay, The King’s University College, Edmonton, AB
  253. Carole Farber, Associate Professor, The University of Western Ontario
  254. R.S. Ratner Professor Emeritus, Sociology, University of British Columbia
  255. Rosemary MacKenzie, Librarian (retired), Dalhousie University
  256. Dr. Myra Hird, Associate Professor, Queen’s University
  257. Jacie Foy, Curriculum Designer, Brandon University
  258. Dr. Kenneth Little, Associate Professor,York University
  259. Dr. Karolyn Waterson, Professor, retired, Dalhousie University
  260. Dr. Ken Deacon, Assistant Professor formerly, Lakehead University, Biology
  261. Daphne Winland, Associate Professor, York University
  262. Bill Bavington, Honorary Research Professor (retired), Memorial University of Newfoundland
  263. Christina De Simone, Assistant Professor, University of Ottawa
  264. Teresa Holmes, Associate Professor, York University
  265. Natividad Urquizo, Environmental Planner, Ottawa University
  266. Barrie M. Morrison, Professor Emeritus, UBC
  267. Kathleen Mahoney, Professor, University of Calgary
  268. Dr. Barbara Spronk, Visiting Graduate Professor, Athabasca University
  269. Greg Michalenko, Professor Emeritus, University of Waterloo
  270. Dr. Kathryn McNaughton, University College of the North
  271. Celia Haig-Brown, Professor, York University
  272. Joan Bell, Alumni member of U of S, Past senator and member of the Board of Governors, University of Saskatchewan
  273. Kathleen Buddle, Associate Professor, University of Manitoba
  274. Dr. Chris Ferns, Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  275. Anna Smol, Associate Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  276. Dr. Nargess Kayhani, Associate Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  277. Jean M. Mills, Associate Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, NS
  278. Elizabeth Church, Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  279. Meg Raven, Librarian, Mount Saint Vincent University
  280. Dr. Leslie Brown, Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  281. Denyse Rodrigues, Mount Saint Vincent University
  282. Dr. Leighton Steele, Mount Saint Vincent University
  283. Dr. Stephen Perrott, Associate Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  284. Fred Harrington, Associate Vice-President, Research, Mt St Vincent University
  285. Dr. Ken Dewar, Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  286. Denise Nevo, Associate Professor, Mount Saint Vincent
  287. Peter Glenister, Bibliographic Services Librarian, Mount Saint Vincent University
  288. Susan Boyd, Professor Emeritus, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Nova Scotia
  289. Daphne Lordly, Associate Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  290. Elizabeth Hicks, Associate Professor (accounting), Mount Saint Vincent University
  291. Susan Walsh, Associate Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  292. Alex Khasnabish, Assistant Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  293. Dr. Rhoda Zuk, Associate Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  294. Dr. Katherine Darvesh, Associate Vice President (Academic), Mount Saint Vincent University
  295. Blake Poland, Professor, University of Toronto
  296. Dr. David Heap, University of Western Ontario
  297. Trudie Richards, Associate Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  298. Belinda Dodson, Associate Professor, University of Western Ontario
  299. Bernie Hammond, Dr., King’s University College, UWO
  300. Laara Fitznor, Assistant Professor, University of Manitoba
  301. Joyce Ellen Kennedy, Assistant Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  302. Joshua Schuster, Assistant Professor, University of Western Ontario
  303. Bharat Punjabi, PhD Candidate, Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario
  304. Dr. Natasha Patrito Hannon, University of Western Ontario
  305. Dr. Jennifer McLaren, Associate Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  306. Ian Colquhoun, Assistant Professor, Anthropology, University of Western Ontario
  307. Kerry Daly, Professor, Associate Dean (Research – SS), University of Guelph
  308. Shane ONeill, Sessional Lecturer, University of Western Ontario
  309. Jennifer L. Otto, RN BN, Clinical Education Facilitator, Red River College
  310. Marilyn Norman, Lecturer, University of Western Ontario
  311. Ian Attridge, Instructor, Trent University
  312. Dr. Mark Cleveland, Assistant Professor of Marketing, University of Western Ontario
  313. Tristan Martel, Teaching Assistant, University of Western Ontario
  314. Jonathan Roberts, Mount Saint Vincent University
  315. Dr. Jane Gordon, Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  316. DeNel Rehberg Sedo, Associate Professor, MSVU
  317. Brent Sinclair, Assistant Professor, University of Western Ontario
  318. Michiya Kawai, Associate Professor, Huron University College
  319. Susan Church, Part-time faculty member, Mount Saint Vincent University
  320. Scott MacDougall-Shackleton, Associate Professor, University of Western Ontario
  321. Slobodan P. Simonovic, Professor, University of Western Ontario
  322. Patricia M. Gray, Lecturer, University of Western Ontario
  323. Elizabeth MacDougall-Shackleton, Assistant Professor, University of Western Ontario
  324. R Greg Thorn, Associate Professor, University of Western Ontario, Department of Biology
  325. James Staples, Associate Professor, University of Western Ontario
  326. Dr. Christopher G. Guglielmo, Assistant Professor, University of Western Ontario
  327. Louise Milligan, Associate Professor, Biology, University of Western Ontario
  328. Dr. Mark A. Bernards, Professor and Chair, Department of Biology, The University of Western Ontario
  329. Lisa Hodgetts, Assistant Professor – Anthropology, The University of Western Ontario
  330. Tamie Poepping, Assistant Professor, The University of Western Ontario
  331. Liana Zanette, Dr., University of Western Ontario
  332. Lynne Cunningham, Alumnus, Mount Saint Vincent University
  333. Peter Streufert, Associate Professor of Economics, University of Western Ontario
  334. Rebecca Coulter, Professor, University of Western Ontario
  335. Patricia Connor, Director, Cartographic Services, University of Western Ontario, Geography Department
  336. Ann Bigelow, Lecturer, University of Western Ontario
  337. Rosemary Cairns Way, Asociate Professor, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law
  338. Louise Bélanger-Hardy, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa
  339. Sanda Rodgers, Professor, University of Ottawa
  340. Donna Bourne-Tyson, University Librarian, Mount Saint Vincent University
  341. Angela Birt, Assistant Professor of Psychology, Mount Saint Vincent University
  342. Hazel MacRae, Associate Professor, Mount Saint Vincent
  343. Nathalie Chalifour, Assistant Professor, University of Ottawa
  344. Graham Thompson, Assistant Professor, Western Ontario, Biology
  345. Marc-Andre Lachance, Professor, University of Western Ontario
  346. Joanne St. Lewis, Professor, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law
  347. Jacqueline Mary Huston, Professor, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law
  348. Dr. Michelle Owen, The University of Winnipeg
  349. Shayna Watson, Assistant Professor/Physician, Queen’s University
  350. Victor Neufeld, Professor Emeritus, McMaster University
  351. Jeremy N. McNeil, Professor, The University of Western Ontario
  352. Dr. Sheila Harms, McMaster University
  353. Dr. Penny Powers, Thompson Rivers University
  354. George M. Johnson, Associate Professor, Thompson Rivers University
  355. Dr. Anne Gagnon, Thompson Rivers University
  356. Dr. Fernando Nunes, Assistant Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  357. Peter Tsigaris, Associate Professor, Thompson Rivers University
  358. David Webster, Assistant Professor, University of Regina
  359. Elizabeth Sheehy, Professor, University of Ottawa
  360. Terryl Atkins, Instructor, Thompson Rivers University
  361. Dr. Gabor Sass, Post-Doctoral Fellow, University of Western Ontario
  362. Stephen Kimber, Rogers Communications Chair in Journalism, University of King’s College
  363. Paul Handford, Associate Professor, University of Western Ontario
  364. Erica Dodd, Professor, University of Victoria
  365. Larry Hannant, Dr.University of Victoria and Camosun College
  366. Dr. Benjamin Isitt, Assistant Professor and Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Victoria
  367. Dr. Leonora C. Angeles, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia
  368. Ruth W. Sandwell, Associate Professor, University of Toronto
  369. Aline Grenon, Full Professor, University of Ottawa, Programme de common law en français
  370. Tony Weis, Assistant Professor University of Western Ontario, Department of Geography
  371. Megan Davies, Associate Professor, York University
  372. John Janke, Instructor, Thompson Rivers University
  373. Nancy Killick, Lecturer, Thompson Rivers University
  374. Lamarche André, Directeur du Département de musique, Université du Québec à Montréal
  375. Neil Arya, Director of Global Health, University of Western Ontario
  376. Patricia Kaufert, Professor, University of Manitoba
  377. Ray Zabulionis, Lecturer, University of Western Ontario
  378. Margaret D. Sanborn, Assistant Clinical Professor, McMaster University
  379. Martin Foster, Professeur associé, Université du Québec à Montréal
  380. John Schellenberg, Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  381. Kathleen Kerr, MD, University of Toronto
  382. Colin A.M. Duncan, Adjunct Associate Professor, Queen’s University
  383. Donna Varga, Associate Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  384. Margaret Little, Full Professor, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario
  385. Kari Brozowski, Associate Professor, Wilfrid Laurier University, Health Studies
  386. Elisabet Service, Assistant Professor, McMaster University
  387. Bonnie Fox, Professor, University of Toronto
  388. Notebaert Eric, MD, MSc, Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Montreal
  389. Dr. Andrew Pinto, Lecturer, University of Toronto
  390. Roger Suffling, Professor, University of Waterloo
  391. Ruth Sullivan, Professor, University of Ottawa
  392. Margaret Malone, Associate Professor, Ryerson University
  393. Charles King, Clinical Assistant Professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia
  394. Lorri Neilsen Glenn, Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  395. Hilary Cunningham, Associate Professor, University of Toronto
  396. Brent King, Associate Professor, Mount Saint Vincent University
  397. Darlene Buckingham, York University
  398. Tawhid Habib, Boise St. University, Software Industry
  399. Timothy Leduc, Post-Doctoral Fellow, University of Toronto
  400. Alan Abeslohn, Assistant Professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine and Public Health, University of Toronto
  401. Alan MacEachern, Associate Professor, HistoryUniversity of Western Ontario
  402. Dr. Jean Wilson Associate Professor, McMaster University
  403. Ellie Berger Assistant Professor Nipissing University
  404. Lee Gass, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia
  405. Ruth Sullivan, Professor, University of Ottawa
  406. Jennifer Fulford, MD, Northern Ontario School of Medicine
  407. Janet Wood, Professor, University of Guelph
  408. Victor Snieckus, Professor of Chemistry, Bader Chair of Chemistry, Queen’s University
  409. David Josephy, Professor, University of Guelph, Molec. & Cell. Biology
  410. Ray Morris, Professor Emeritus of Sociology, York University
  411. William Harvey, Professor Emeritus, Department of Philosophy, University of Toronto
  412. Brian Merrilees, Professeur Emerite, University of Toronto
  413. Farrokh Sharifi, Professor, Ryerson University
  414. Jian Li Hao, Associate Professor, Ryerson University
  415. Isaac Engel, Professor Emeritus, Ryerson University
  416. Dr. Tim Sly, Professor, Ryerson University
  417. Brenda Louise Gallie, Professor, University of Toronto, Departments of Molecular
  418. Genetics, Medical Biophysics and Ophthalmology
  419. Diane Granfield, Librarian, Ryerson University
  420. Jinyuan Liu, Assistant Professor, Ryerson University
  421. Harald Bauder, Associate Professor, Ryerson University, Department of Geography
  422. Jennifer Welsh, Professor Emerita, Ryerson University
  423. Jennifer Lapum, Associate Professor, Ryerson University
  424. Melanie Dempsey, Assistant Professor, Ryerson University
  425. Louis Marchildon, Professeur de physique, Universite du Quebec a Trois-Rivieres
  426. Doreen Fumia, Assistant Professor, Ryerson University
  427. Germaine Warkentin, Professor Emeritus of English, University of Toronto, FRSC
  428. Carol Westall, Professor of Ophthalmology, University of Toronto
  429. Nasrin Najm-Tehrani, Assistant Professor, University of Toronto, Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science
  430. Rod Bremner, Professor, University of Toronto
  431. Ed Andrew, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto
  432. Margaret Hobbs, Associate Professor, Trent University
  433. Gary L. Redcliffe, Professor Emeritus, Victoria University, University of Toronto
  434. Chris Grandison, Professor, Ryerson University
  435. C.Douglas Jay, Ph.D, Prof.Emeritus, Victoria University, University of Toronto, C.M.
  436. Dr. Schneider, Queen’s University
  437. Martin J. Steinbach, Distinguished Research Professor, York University
  438. Dr. Emilie David, Queen’s University
  439. Andrew Clement, Professor, University of Toronto, Faculty of Information
  440. Sheila Waite-Chuah, Associate Professor, OCAD / University of Toronto, Sustainable Design
  441. Stéphanie Walsh Matthews, Ryerson University
  442. Geoff Carre, Assistant Professor, Cape Breton University
  443. Alexandra Bal, Assistant Professor,Ryerson University
  444. Eric Harley, Assistant Professor,Ryerson University
  445. John McClelland, Professor Emeritus,University or Toronto
  446. Theo Hofmann, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto
  447. Dr. Kathleen Carlin, Ryerson University
  448. Joanna Holt, Counsellor, Ryerson University
  449. Jean Golden, Professor, Ryerson University
  450. Janet Hudgins, Student, UBC
  451. Dougal McCreath, Professor, Laurentian University
  452. Mora Campbell, Associate Professor, York University
  453. Ravi de Costa, Assistant Professor, Environmental Studies, York University
  454. Dr. Marie Killeen, Assistant Professor, Ryerson University
  455. Dr. Leesa Fawcett, Associate Professor, York University, Faculty of Environmental Studies
  456. Katy McCormick, Assistant Professor, Ryerson University
  457. Deborah Barndt, Professor, York University, Faculty of Environmental Studies
  458. Catriona Mortimer-Sandilands, Associate Professor and Canada Research Chair, York University
  459. Brahim Chebbi, Associate Professor, Laurentian University
  460. Ilan Kapoor, Associate Professor, York University
  461. Barbara Rahder, Dean of Environmental Studies, York University
  462. Andrew O’Malley, Associate Professor, Ryerson University
  463. Krishna Challagulla, Assistant Professor, Laurentian University
  464. Alan T. Davies, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto
  465. Dr. Allan Greenbaum, York University
  466. R. Grant Bracewell, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto, Victoria University
  467. Rebecca Peterson, Associate Professor, York University
  468. Peter Harley, Memorial University of Newfoundland, retired
  469. Carolyn Harley, Professor emeritus, Memorial University of Newfoundland
  470. James Carscallen, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto
  471. Patricia Wood, Associate Professor, York University
  472. Graeme A. Spiers, Professor, Laurentian University
  473. Joe Sheridan, Associate Professor,York University
  474. Renay Gallimore, Environmental Technologist, Laurentian University
  475. Jonathan Waddell, M.Sc, Graduate Student, Laurentian University
  476. Christopher Wren, Director of Risk Assessment, Laurentian University
  477. John David Wood, Professor Emeritus, York University
  478. Edward Spence, Professor Emeritus, York University
  479. Robert Lemieux, Professor and Head, Queen’s University, Chemistry Department
  480. R. Stephen Brown, Associate Professor, Queen’s University, Chemistry and Environmental Studies
  481. Dr. Tamer Andrea, Queen’s University
  482. Dr. David Edwards, Queen’s University
  483. Igor Kozin, Associate Professor, Queen’s University
  484. Julia van Drunen, Queen’s University
  485. Jason Bornstein, Graduate Student, Chemistry Department, Queen’s University
  486. Dr. Ray Bowers, Queen’s University
  487. Jitendra R. Harjani, Post Doctoral Researcher, Queens University
  488. Lam Phan, Queen’s University
  489. Jeff Crouse, Queen’s University
  490. Francoise Baylis, Professor, Dalhousie University
  491. Gillian Mackey, MSc Student, Chemistry, Queen’s University
  492. Susan Sherwin, Professor, Dalhousie University
  493. Kirstin Borgerson, Assistant Professor, Dalhousie University
  494. Shalyn Littlefield, M.Sc student, Queen’s University, Dept. of Chemistry
  495. Janice Graham, Professor, Dalhousie University
  496. Jennifer Hyndman, Professor, York University
  497. John A. Stone, Professor Emeritus, Queen’s Univeristy
  498. Véronique Laberge, Queen’s University
  499. Richmond Campbell, Professor Emeritus, Dalhousie University
  500. Michael Mombourquette, Professor, Queen’s University
  501. Chester Sadowski, Associate Professor Emeritus, York University
  502. Dr. Toni Suzuki Laidlaw, Dalhousie University (retired)
  503. Hans Westerblom, Professor Emeritus, Ryerson University
  504. Vladimir Tasic, Professor of Mathematics, University of New Brunswick
  505. John Morgan, Professor, Ryerson University
  506. David Donaldson, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia
  507. Dr. Gordon Doctorow. Professor, Nova Southeastern University
  508. Dr. Frank F. Mallory, Full Professor & Past Chair, Laurentian University – Time for Canada to show some leadership
  509. Mary P. Winsor, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto
  510. Philip Jessop, Professor, Queen’s University
  511. Dr. E. Ann Gallie, Associate Professor, Laurentian University
  512. Ralph Whitney, Associate Professor, Queen’s University, Department of Chemistry
  513. Donald Brown, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia
  514. John S. Traill, Professor Emeritus of Classics, University of Toronto, Victoria College
  515. Dr. Edward Ison, Queen’s University
  516. Paul Raun, Professor, Partial Load, George Brown College, School of Liberal Arts and Sciences
  517. Dr. Marjorie Stone, Professor, Dalhousie University
  518. Barbara Neis, Professor, Memorial University
  519. Smaro Kamboureli, Professor, Canada Research Chair, University of Guelph
  520. Susan Brown, Professor, University of Guelph
  521. Rita Wong, Associate Professor, Emily Carr University of Art and Design
  522. Duane Elverum, Assistant Professor, Emily Carr University of Art and Design
  523. Carol Gigliotti, Associate Professor, Emily Carr University
  524. Isabelle Swiderski, Part-time faculty, Emily Carr University
  525. Marilyn Cherenko, Associate Professor, Emily Carr University of Art and Design
  526. Karolle Wall, Associate Professor, Emily Carr University
  527. Janice Williamson, Professor, University of Alberta
  528. Jodie Salter, PhD Candidate, University of Guelph
  529. Martha Nandorfy, Associate Professor, University of Guelph
  530. Camilla Pickard Lecturer, Faculty of Community and Culture, Emily Carr University
  531. Susan Scott, Instructor, Wilfrid Laurier University, Dept of Religion and Culture
  532. Dr. Anne White, University of Calgary
  533. Stephanie Posthumus, Assistant Professor, McMaster University
  534. Sheri Bennning, PhD candidate, Alberta
  535. Michael Egan, Associate Professor, Department of History, McMaster University
  536. Ingrid Koenig, Associate Professor, Emily Carr University of Art + Design
  537. John Black, Co-Chair, Liberal Studies Dept., Vancouver Island University
  538. Althea Thauberger, Sessional Instructor , Emily Carr University
  539. Julie Andreyev, Associate Professor, Emily Carr University of Art + Design
  540. Claire Campbell, Associate Professor, Dalhousie University
  541. Justin Novak, Associate Professor, Emily Carr University of Art and Design
  542. Dr. Allan J. Fletcher, Thompson Rivers University
  543. Sharon Kahanoff, Sessional Faculty, Emily Carr University, Simon Fraser University
  544. Dr. Wilma van der Veen, College Professor, Okanagan College
  545. Andrew Wainwright, McCulloch Emeritus Professor in English, Dalhousie University
  546. Susanna Egan, Professor Emerita, UBC
  547. Len Findlay, Professor, U of Saskatchewan
  548. Erin Wunker, Assistant Professor, Dalhousie University
  549. Kit Dobson, Assistant Professor, Mount Royal University
  550. Elizabeth MacKenzie, Sessional Faculty, Emily Carr University
  551. Rod Schumacher, Head of English, Red Deer College
  552. Robert Boschman, Associate Professor, Mount Royal University
  553. Jim Tanner, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia Okanagan
  554. Dr. Mary Chapman, UBC
  555. Roberta J. Birks, Sessional Lecturer, UBC
  556. Mandy Catron, Sessional Lecturer, University of British Columbia
  557. Jennifer Delisle, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Alberta
  558. Nelson Gray, Professor, University of Lethbridge
  559. Adam Frank, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia
  560. John Xiros Cooper, Professor, University of British Columbia
  561. Vin Nardizzi, Assistant Professor, University of British Columbia
  562. Moberley Luger, PhD Candidate, University of British Columbia
  563. Anthony Dawson, Professor emeritus, UBC
  564. Andrew Williamson, Faculty, Emily Carr
  565. Janet Giltrow, Professor, University of British Columbia
  566. Jason Gerhard, Associate Professor & Canada Research Chair, University of Western Ontario
  567. Dr. Sean Saunders, University of British Columbia
  568. John Riviere-Anderson, PhD Candidate , York University
  569. Elspeth Pratt, Lecturer, Simon Fraser University
  570. Katharine Patterson, Chair, Arts Studies in Research & Writing, University of British Columbia
  571. Frances Grafton, Emily Carr University
  572. Ronald L. Grimes, Professor Emeritus, Wilfrid Laurier University
  573. Lorraine Weir, Professor, English Dept., University of British Columbia
  574. Patricia Flood, Assistant Professor, University of Guelph
  575. Neil Cadger, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia Okanagan
  576. Marlene Briggs, Assistant Professor, UBC
  577. Rick Gooding, Lecturer, University of British Columbia
  578. Pamela Dalziel, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia
  579. Rick Gooding, Lecturer, University of British Columbia
  580. Sharon Thesen, Professor, University of British Columbia Okanagan
  581. Robert Budde, Associate Professor, UNBC
  582. Kegan Doyle, Professor, Kwantlen Polytechnic University
  583. Michael Zeitlin, Associate Professor, UBC
  584. Dr. Sherrill Grace, UBC
  585. Jenny Du, Queen’s University
  586. Mary Kavanagh, Department of Art Chairperson, University of Lethbridge
  587. Patricia Singer, Instructor, Capilano University
  588. Dr. Sheila M. Ross, Instuctor, Dept of English, Capilano University, North Vancouver, BC
  589. Dr. Letitia Meynell, Dalhousie University
  590. Fern Helfand, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia Okanagan
  591. Lee Chalmers, Associate Professor, UNB
  592. Lorna Weir , Professor, York University
  593. Philip Girard, University Research, Professor, Dalhousie University
  594. Denise Kenney, Assistant Professor, University of British Columbia Okanagan

Affiliations for identification only