Luis Moreno-Ocampo - first Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court

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Luis Moreno-Ocampo of Argentina was elected first Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court in April 2003. From1984-92, as a Prosecutor in Argentina, Mr Moreno-Ocampo was involved in precedent-setting prosecutions of top military commanders for mass killings and other large-scale human rights abuses. He was the Assistant Prosecutor in the “Military Junta” trial against Army commanders accused of masterminding the “dirty war” and other cases of human rights violations by the Argentine military. Mr Moreno-Ocampo was the prosecutor in charge of the extradition from the United States of former Argentine General Carlos Guillermo Suárez Mason, and in the investigation and prosecution of guerrilla leaders and of those responsible for two military rebellions in Argentina. He also took part in the case against Army commanders accused of malpractice during the 1982 Falklands war, as well as in dozens of major cases of corruption.

In 1992, Mr Moreno-Ocampo resigned as Chief Prosecutor of the Federal Criminal Court of Buenos Aires, and established a private law firm, Moreno-Ocampo & Wortman Jofre, which specializes in corruption control programs for large firms and organizations, criminal and human rights law. Until his election as Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, Mr Moreno-Ocampo worked as lawyer and as Private Inspector-General for large companies. He also took on a number of pro bono activities, among others as legal representative for the victims in the extradition of former Nazi officer Erich Priebke to Italy, the trial of the chief of the Chilean secret police for the murder of General Carlos Prats, and several cases concerning political bribery, journalists’ protection and freedom of expression.

Mr Moreno-Ocampo also worked with various local, regional and international non-governmental organizations. He was the president of Transparency International for Latin America and the Caribbean. He has served on the global Advisory Board and the Board of Transparency International, a world-wide organization whose aim is to reduce corruption in business transactions. The founder and president of Poder Ciudadano, Mr Moreno-Ocampo also served as member of the Advisory Board of the “Project on Justice in Times of Transition” and “New Tactics on Human Rights.”

As the First Chief Prosecutor of the new and permanent International Criminal Court (2003-2012), Moreno Ocampo established the structure and the strategic policies of the Office and recruited 300 staff from 81 different countries. Under his leadership the Office of the Prosecutor examined crimes committed in 18 countries around five continents, started investigations in 7 countries and requested arrest warrants or summons to appear against 29 individuals, all them top leaders of the organizations that committed massive crimes, including Muammar Gaddafi and the President of the Sudan, Al Bashir. Thomas Lubanga was convicted for all the charges in the first ICC trial ever concluded. Two other trials are progressing. Former President of Ivory Coast, Laurent Gbagbo is in custody waiting for trial. Moreno Ocampo briefed the UN Security Council 12 times on the Darfur case and 3 times on the Libya situation.

In 2010 a documentary film was released by White Pine Pictures on Moreno Ocampo`s tenure as International Criminal Court Prosecutor –


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